SPCC Plan BackgroundDonwload Pdf
- 40 CFR 112
- Initiated by the Clean Water Act, a Federal Law passed in 1972
- Response to large oil spills that contaminated oceans or rivers
- Meant to protect surface water, but also protects soil and groundwater
Who is considered a farm?
A facility on a tract of land
- devoted to the production of crops or raising of animals, including fish, which produced and sold, or normally would have produced and sold, $1,000 or more of agricultural products during a year.
When? – MAY 10, 2013
- Unless your farm was in operation before 2002, then you should already have one in place.
- No enforcement for 180 days after May 10, 2013
Who is required to have a plan?
- Any facility reasonably expected to discharge harmful amount of oil into navigable waters of the U.S.
- Any facility with an above ground storage capacity of 1,320 gallons of oil
- Any facility with underground storage of more than 42,000 gallons of oil
- Oil or greases of animal, fish or marine mammal origin
- Vegetable oils
- Crop oil
- Diesel Fuel
- Fuel Oil
- Oil refuse, waste or sludge
- Synthetic Oils
- Mineral Oils
- Lube Oil
- Hydraulic Oil
- Adjuvant Oil
When determining, Include:
- Any container over 55 Gallons
- Use capacity, not the amount actually in it at the time
- Fuel tanks mounted on trailers, fuel trucks used exclusively on the farm and tanks in pickups
- Both inside and outside containers
But don’t include:
- Containers smaller than 55 gallons
- Heating oil used solely for a single family residence
- Milk containing equipment
- Pesticide application equipment
- Permanently closed tanks
- Ammonia tanks or any other non-oil substance
Requirements of the SPCC rule – Requires certain facilities, including farms, to develop and implement a site-specific SPCC plan to address:
- Containment and procedures to prevent oil discharges
- Proactive control measures to keep an oil discharge from entering navigable waters of the US
- Effective countermeasures to contain, clean up and mitigate any oil discharge
Are you Tier I or Tier II?
You are a Tier I Facility if
- Your total capacity is less than 10,000 gallons in aggregate aboveground and,
- for the past 3 years, have not had a significant spill (single discharge of 1,000 gallons or 2 discharges within 12 months of 42 gallons or more each)
Everyone else is Tier II
Tier I facilities
- Tier I facilities may prepare and self-certify their own plan if no container is larger than 5,000 gallons
- Use EPA template on their website.
Tier II facilities
- Tier II facilities must have plan certified by a licensed professional engineer (P.E.)
The SPCC process
- Evaluate risks
- Prepare an SPCC Plan
- Design improvements for spill prevention and containment
- Implement plan
- Perform training
Where to start:
- With a full inventory of what oil is on your property
- Non-oil substances are not required in your plan, however, if you wanted to add them, you may identifies ways spills might occur
- Describes what has been done to prevent a spill
- Details how to handle a spill
An SPCC Plan
An SPCC plan…
- Does not get submitted to any particular agency unless asked for. It must be available immediately if requested.
- If facility is “manned” 4 hours per day or more, written plan must be kept on site.
Who might ask to see my plan?
- Storm water inspectors
- County agencies
- Watershed commissions
- Waste water treatment plants
- Water treatment plants
- Ohio EPA inspectors
- Federal EPA inspectors
- Etc, etc…
Components of an SPCC plan
All drums, containers and equipment
- Sealed and free from cracks, corrosion, and damage
- Stored upright
- Not sitting directly on the ground to prevent corrosion
- Internal Communication
- Controlled Entrances/exits and alternate access
- Perform monthly checklist
- Perform annual checklist
- Correct any shortcomings
- Check for integrity of containment structures
- Leaks from pipes, valves, or containers
- Corrosion on pipes and tanks
- Proper drainage from all drains (inside and outside)
- Spill kits are available and stocked
- All tanks and containers are correctly labeled
- Chemicals are in designated areas
- Empty drums are inspected, cleaned, and stored in designated areas only
- Report any discoloration on ground, walls or floors indicating leaks or contamination
- Inspect security systems for signs of vandalism
- Inspect any areas of previous spills
- Clean up trash, spills, and leaks
- Trash should be collected regularly
SPCC Regulations say that any container larger than 55 gallons must have secondary containment sized to hold 110% of the capacity.
- Double walled tanks – Priced around – $1,700 for a 550-gallon tank, $3,650 for a 1,000-gallon tank
- Concrete containment or dike
- For an interior location – Spill pallets
Tip – Be sure what you purchase can hold 110% of the largest container stored on it.
But outside – How do you let out the rain while keeping in the oil?
Manual valves – After inspecting accumulated rainwater for sheen, open valve to release water
- Must remember to shut valve – good idea to use a locking ball valve
- Must remember to drain containment after rain event
Chemical barriers – There are a number of products available that allow rain and snowmelt to flow freely, but consist of a polymer that reacts with oil to form a solid barrier.
- Hydrocarbon flow filters
- CIAgent Barrier Boom
- Oil-water separator
- Various systems with automatic shut off valves
- Pump is shut down when float-activated switch reaches certain position
Your SPCC must give instructions for how to handle a spill
- What spill equipment is on-site
- What personal protective equipment (PPE) is available
- Notification process and phone numbers
Spill Response Kit Contents – Each spill kit should contain:
- Bags of Adsorbent
- Rubber Boots
- Disposal Bags and Ties
- Container Overpack
- Safety Glasses
- Hardhats with Face Shields
- Drain covers
Reportable spills – This part applies to everyone, whether you are required to have an SPCC plan or not.
What is a REPORTABLE spill?
- 25 gallons or more of oil that gets offsite
- Or an amount that causes a sheen on water in a creek, river, or storm sewer
Verbal notification of a reportable release must be made within 30 minutes of the discovery of the spill.
Agencies to report the incident-
VERBAL reports must be made to the following agencies:
- Local Fire Department – 911
- National Response Center – 800-424-8802, or online at www.nrc.uscg.mil/nrchp.html
- Ohio EPA Emergency Response Center – 800-282-9378
- County Emergency Coordinator:
Written notification of reportable release must be made within 30 days of the spill.
Written reportable Spill Notification to:
- Ohio EPA
- County Emergency Coordinator
- Local Fire Department
- Training is performed annually or whenever a change is made to the plan.
- Training shall be conducted for all new employees of the facility.
Go here for the EPA SPCC sample plan/template, with text to borrow!
Need help? Go here is an online guide for filling out the SPCC template: